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Facts & Figures

Location
It’s transcontinental city in Eurasia, where Europe and Asia meets and between the see of Marmara and Black sea

Area
1,539 sq. km.

Population
15,07 mln.

Goverment
Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Currency
Turkish lira

Climate
Istambul has a borderline Mediterranean climate(Csa), humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and oceaninc climate

Landscape
City with a seven hills

Time zone
GMT +3

Official language
Turkish

Ethnic groups
Turkish, Greeks, Armenians, Bosniaks and Kurdish

Religion
Vast majority are Muslim

International airports
There are two biggest international airports: Istanbul Airport and Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen International Airport.

Distances and flights
between Istanbul and other cities

City
Km
Time
Amsterdam
2200
3.15
Brussels
2160
3.20
Copenhagen
2020
3.10
Dublin
2940
4.20
Frankfurt
1860
2.55
Helsinki
2160
3.14
Kiev
1060
2.00
London
2520
3.55
Milan
1700
2.55
Moscow
1740
2.50
Oslo
2460
4.00
Paris
2240
3.35
Rome
1380
2.30
Vienna
1260
2.20

Public Holidays

January 1
New Year's Day
April 23
National Sovereignty and Children's Day
May 1
Labour Day
May 19
Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day
June 1-9
Eid al-Fitr
July 15
Democracy and National Unity Day
August 11-14
Eid al-Adha
August 30
Victory Day
October 29
Republic Day of Turkey

Monthly average temperature (°C)
In Istanbul

Month
Avg
January
+8.4 / +3.1
February
+9 / +3.1
March
+10.9 / +4.2
April
+15.4 / +7.6
May
+20 / +12.1
June
+24.6 / +16.5
July
+26.6 / +19.4
August
+26.8 / +20.1
September
+23.7 / +16.8
October
+19.1 / +12.9
November
+14.8 / +8.9
December
+10.8 / +5.5